The Bechdel Test for Women in Movies

December 7, 2009

The Bechdel Test is a simple way to gauge the active presence of female characters in Hollywood films and just how well rounded and complete those roles are.  It was created by Allison Bechdel in her comic strip Dykes to Watch Out For in 1985.  It is astonishing the number of popular movies that can’t pass this simple test.  It demonstrates how women’s complex and interesting lives are underrepresented or non existent in the film industry.  We have jobs, creative projects, friendships and struggles among many other things that are actually interesting in our lives… so Hollywood, start writing about it!

Check out other great blogs and commentary about the Bechdel Test:

  1. The Bechdel Test Movie List: here you can find a long, long list of movies and where they rate on the Bechdel Test.
  2. Why Film Schools Teach Screenwriters Not to Pass the Bechdel Test‘s by Jennifer Kesler.  This is a must read – exposing the systemic problems of the film industry starting with film school.
  3. See the original comic strip “The Rule” here.
  4. You can visit Allison Bechdel’s site here and I highly recommend her graphic novel Fun Home
  5. Over at the Blog “The Angry Black Woman” she adapted the Bechdel Test to apply to race.  Take a look: The Bechdel Test and Race in Popular Fiction

** This video is available to be translated into other languages by volunteers like you.  Please visit the subtitling page on Universal Subs and click TRANSLATE to get started



The Bechdel Test for Women and Movies Transcript

The Bechdel Test or the Mo Movie Measure is a type of litmus test to assess the presence of women in movies.  It originated from Allison Bechdel’s comic “Dykes to Watch Out For” in 1985.  Here’s how it works, a movie just has to pass these three simple questions: the first, are there two or more women in it who have names, the second, do they talk to each other, and the third, do they talk to each other about something other then a man.

It’s quite extraordinary actually how many movies don’t pass this test cause it’s not even a sign of whether its a feminist movie or whether its a good movie just that there is female presence in it and that they actually are engaging about things other then men.

To prove that this is actually a systemic problem and not just a few movies here and there, I can show you a couple films that don’t pass the test.

The Dark Knight
District 9
Slumdog Millionaire
Terminator Salvation
GI Joe
Bourne Supremacy
Bourne Identity
The Big Lebowski
Ocean’s Twelve
Pirates of the Caribbean 1, 2 and 3
Austin Powers 1, 2 and 3
Men in Black
Fight Club
The Fifth Element
The Princess Bride
Hellboy 2
The Wedding Singer
Shawshank Redemption
Reservoir Dogs
Point Break
Quantum of Solace 007
Indiana Jones
Alien 3
Lord of the Rings 1, 2 and 3
Ferris Bueller’s Day Off
The Truman Show
From Dusk till Dawn
Mission Impossible
Toy Story
X Men
When Harry Met Sally
Back to the Future 1, 2 and 3
Tomb Raider
Pulp Fiction
Interview with the Vampire
Home Alone

Okay you get the point, this is only just a few films out of the many films that don’t pass this test.  When I call it a systemic problem what I mean by this is that it’s not just a few people here and there that don’t like women, or don’t want women’s stories told, but rather the entire industry is built upon creating films and movies that cater to and are about men.

Next time you go to the movies just ask yourself these few questions.  Are there two or more women in it and do they have names?  Do they talk to each other?  And do they talk to each other about something other then a man?

63 Responses to “The Bechdel Test for Women in Movies”

  1. […] of my favorite video’s from is The Bechdel Test. Before I’d watched the video I’d never heard the term before, but ever since then I mentally […]


  2. […] Recently, I came across a clip at the feminist frequency blog. The woman who runs the blog is brilliant, creating little excerpts which highlight contemporary patriarchal prevalence. One of her gems explains the Bechdel Test. […]


  3. […] The introduction of Captain Gates means that more Castle episodes will probably pass the Bechdel test, but it also falls into the trope of pitting two women against each other to compete — even […]


  4. This is pretty amazing! I also noticed that the a lot of exceptions I could think of that actually passed this test were women who were directly related to the main character or female lead (mother, grandma, or sister). To me, that’s still a bit of a failure.


  5. ‘It won’t tell you if any given film is bad or good, but it is an interesting tool to look at just some of the messages mainstream culture is feeding us.’ Read more on the Bechdel Test at http://www.squarise.com


  6. […] Sometimes I wonder how much of life would pass The Bechdel Test. […]


  7. […] See Bechdel’s comic episode The Rule from Dykes to Watch Out For,  The Bechdel Test site with a list of movies, and The Bechdel Test for Women in Movies on […]


  8. […] Bechdel Test is a simple way to evaluate the active presence of female characters in Hollywood films and just […]


  9. […] can’t believe I even have to defend this: We’re finally getting more women characters on television, talking to other female characters about things that aren’t ma…, and someone has the audacity to say, “You know what? There aren’t enough white […]


  10. […] about anything other than a man for more than 60 seconds (the last part is an addition suggested by Feminist Frequency). This movie passes, but just barely. If you look at the total dialogue in this movie, at least 80% […]



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